Исследование влияния остеофильного бисфосфонатного полимера на пролиферацию, остеогенную дифференцировку адипозных мезенхимальных стволовых клеток и изучение его способности ингибировать активность остеокластов in vitro

  • F. Olzhayev
  • Y. Safarova (Yantsen)
  • A. Tsoy
  • B. Umbayev
  • S. Askarova

Аннотация

Остеопороз – это прогрессирующее системное заболевание, характеризующееся снижением костной массы и нарушением микроархитектоники костной ткани, приводящее к увеличению хрупкости кости и высокому риску возникновения переломов. Регресс плотности и прочности костной ткани при остеопорозе обусловлен усилением функциональной активности остеокластов и снижением количества клеток-предшественников остеобластов и развития так называемой «остеогенной недостаточности». Нами разрабатывается новый способ клеточной терапии адипозными мезенхимальными стволовыми клетками (AT-MSCs), функционализированными синтетическим остеофильным бисфосфонатным полимером с целью восполнения популяции прогениторных клеток остеогенеза и ингибирования остеокластной активности в очаге замедленного сращения кости при остеопороз-ассоциированных переломах. В настоящей статье отражены данные по синтезу остеофильного полимера, выделению гомогенной клеточной культуры AT-MSCs с оценкой чистоты полученной клеточной популяции, исследованию влияния полимера на пролиферацию и остеогенную дифференцировку AT-MSCs и изучение его способности ингибировать активность остеокластов in vitro. Согласно полученным данным полимер не является цитотоксичным, не оказывает влияния на пролиферативную активность и остеогенную  дифференцировку AT-MSCs, однако существенно ингибирует фагоцитарную активность макрофагов костного мозга. По результатам исследований AT-MSCs, функционализированные остеофильным  полимером могут быть использованы при дальнейших экспериментах на лабораторных животных для оценки эффективности предлагаемого метода стимуляции репаративного остеогенеза in vivo с  использованием  животной модели остеопороза с созданием остеопороз-ассоциированных переломов трубчатых костей. 
Ключевые слова: остеопороз, остеокласты, репаративный остеогенез, адипозные мезенхимальные стволовые клетки, остеофильный полимер, клеточная терапия.

Литература

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35 Sarkar D., Spencer J.A., Phillips J.A., Zhao W., Schafer S., Spelke D.P., Mortensen L.J., Ruiz J.P., Vemula P.K., Sridharan R., Kumar S., Karnik R., Lin C.P., Karp J.M. Engineered cell homing // Blood. -2011. -Vol. 118, № 25. - P. e184-191.
36 Guan M., Yao W., Liu R., Lam K.S., Nolta J., Jia J., Panganiban B., Meng L., Zhou P., Shahnazari M., Ritchie R.O., Lane N.E. Directing mesenchymal stem cells to bone to augment bone formation and increase bone mass // Nature medicine. -2012. -Vol. 18, № 3. - P. 456-462.
37 Yao W., Lane N.E. Targeted delivery of mesenchymal stem cells to the bone // Bone. -2015. -Vol. 70. - P. 62-65.
38 D'Souza S., Murata H., Jose M.V., Askarova S., Yantsen Y., Andersen J.D., Edington C.D., Clafshenkel W.P., Koepsel R.R., Russell A.J. Engineering of cell membranes with a bisphosphonate-containing polymer using ATRP synthesis for bone targeting // Biomaterials. -2014. -Vol. 35, № 35. - P. 9447-9458.
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40 Tevlin R., McArdle A., Chan C.K.F., Pluvinage J., Walmsley G.G., Wearda T., Marecic O., Hu M.S., Paik K.J., Senarath-Yapa K., Atashroo D.A., Zielins E.R., Wan D.C., Weissman I.L., Longaker M.T. Osteoclast Derivation from Mouse Bone Marrow // Jove-Journal of Visualized Experiments. -2014. № 93.
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References

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Cancedda R, G Bianchi, A Derubeis, R Quarto (2003) Cell therapy for bone disease: A review of current status. Stem Cells vol. 21, pp. 610-619.
Chen KY, GC Dong, CY Hsu, YS Chen, CH Yao (2013) Autologous bone marrow stromal cells loaded onto porous gelatin scaffolds containing drynaria fortunei extract for bone repair. J Biomed Mater Res A vol. 101.
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Cranney A, G Wells, A Willan, L Griffith, N Zytaruk, V Robinson, D Black, J Adachi, B Shea, P Tugwell, G Guyatt (2002) Meta-analyses of therapies for postmenopausal osteoporosis. Ii. Meta-analysis of alendronate for the treatment of postmenopausal women. Endocrine reviews vol. 23, pp. 508-516.
D'Souza S, H Murata, MV Jose, S Askarova, Y Yantsen, JD Andersen, CD Edington, WP Clafshenkel, RR Koepsel, AJ Russell (2014) Engineering of cell membranes with a bisphosphonate-containing polymer using atrp synthesis for bone targeting. Biomaterials vol. 35, pp. 9447-9458.
De Becker A, IV Riet (2016) Homing and migration of mesenchymal stromal cells: How to improve the efficacy of cell therapy? World J Stem Cells vol. 8, pp. 73-87.
Drake MT, BL Clarke, S Khosla (2008) Bisphosphonates: Mechanism of action and role in clinical practice. Mayo Clin Proc vol. 83, pp. 1032-1045.
Eggenhofer E, V Benseler, A Kroemer, FC Popp, EK Geissler, HJ Schlitt, CC Baan, MH Dahlke, MJ Hoogduijn (2012) Mesenchymal stem cells are short-lived and do not migrate beyond the lungs after intravenous infusion. Front Immunol vol. 3, pp. 297.
Fischer UM, MT Harting, F Jimenez, WO Monzon-Posadas, H Xue, SI Savitz, GA Laine, CS Cox, Jr. (2009) Pulmonary passage is a major obstacle for intravenous stem cell delivery: The pulmonary first-pass effect. Stem Cells Dev vol. 18, pp. 683-692.
Gangji V, JP Hauzeur (2005) Treatment of osteonecrosis of the femoral head with implantation of autologous bone-marrow cells. Surgical technique. J Bone Joint Surg Am vol. 87 Suppl 1, pp. 106-112.
Giannoudis P, C Tzioupis, T Almalki, R Buckley (2007) Fracture healing in osteoporotic fractures: Is it really different? A basic science perspective. Injury vol. 38 Suppl 1, pp. S90-99.
Granero-Molto F, JA Weis, MI Miga, B Landis, TJ Myers, L O’Rear (2009) Regenerative effects of transplanted mesenchymal stem cells in fracture healing. Stem Cells vol. 27.
Guan M, W Yao, R Liu, KS Lam, J Nolta, J Jia, B Panganiban, L Meng, P Zhou, M Shahnazari, RO Ritchie, NE Lane (2012) Directing mesenchymal stem cells to bone to augment bone formation and increase bone mass. Nat Med vol. 18, pp. 456-462.
Gullberg B, O Johnell, JA Kanis (1997) World-wide projections for hip fracture. Osteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA vol. 7, pp. 407-413.
Hernlund E, A Svedbom, M Ivergård, J Compston, C Cooper, J Stenmark, EV McCloskey, B Jönsson, JA Kanis (2013) Osteoporosis in the european union: Medical management, epidemiology and economic burden: A report prepared in collaboration with the international osteoporosis foundation (iof) and the european federation of pharmaceutical industry associations (efpia). Archives of Osteoporosis vol. 8, pp. 136.
Horwitz EM, DJ Prockop, LA Fitzpatrick, WW Koo, PL Gordon, M Neel, M Sussman, P Orchard, JC Marx, RE Pyeritz, MK Brenner (1999) Transplantability and therapeutic effects of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal cells in children with osteogenesis imperfecta. Nat Med vol. 5, pp. 309-313.
Horwitz EM, DJ Prockop, PL Gordon, WW Koo, LA Fitzpatrick, MD Neel, ME McCarville, PJ Orchard, RE Pyeritz, MK Brenner (2001) Clinical responses to bone marrow transplantation in children with severe osteogenesis imperfecta. Blood vol. 97, pp. 1227-1231.
Huang S, L Xu, Y Zhang, Y Sun, G Li (2015) Systemic and local administration of allogeneic bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells promotes fracture healing in rats. Cell Transplant vol. 24, pp. 2643-2655.
Ito H (2011) Chemokines in mesenchymal stem cell therapy for bone repair: A novel concept of recruiting mesenchymal stem cells and the possible cell sources. Mod Rheumatol vol. 21.
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Johnell O, JA Kanis (2006) An estimate of the worldwide prevalence and disability associated with osteoporotic fractures. Osteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA vol. 17, pp. 1726-1733.
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Martins CA, G Leyhausen, J Volk, W Geurtsen (2015) Effects of alendronate on osteoclast formation and activity in vitro. J Endodont vol. 41, pp. 45-49.
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Shao J, W Zhang, T Yang (2015) Using mesenchymal stem cells as a therapy for bone regeneration and repairing. Biological Research vol. 48, pp. 1-7.
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Опубликована
2019-01-31
Как цитировать
OLZHAYEV, F. et al. Исследование влияния остеофильного бисфосфонатного полимера на пролиферацию, остеогенную дифференцировку адипозных мезенхимальных стволовых клеток и изучение его способности ингибировать активность остеокластов in vitro. Experimental Biology, [S.l.], v. 77, n. 4, p. 58-72, jan. 2019. ISSN 2617-7498. Доступно на: <http://bb.kaznu.kz/index.php/biology/article/view/1364>. Дата доступа: 22 mar. 2019

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